Urban development in Vietnam responding to climate change

Thanh An » Urban development in Vietnam responding to climate change
(Chinhphu.vn) – The Prime Minister approved the Project on developing Vietnam’s cities to respond to climate change in the 2021-2030 period with the goal of proactively responding to climate change and using it rationally. resources in urban renovation, upgrading and development, contributing to controlling and reducing pollution levels of air, water, and soil.
The project is implemented on the urban system on a national scale (63 provinces and centrally-run cities), focusing on the system of coastal and delta urban areas at risk of flooding and the system of urban areas with high risk of flooding. high risk of being affected by flash floods and landslides in the Northern mountainous areas, Central Coastal Coast, Southeast and Central Highlands.
The project is prepared for the period from now to 2030, with a vision after 2030.
Specifically, phase I (from 2021-2025): Implement in 05 urban areas including Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, Can Tho, Hai Phong, Da Nang and urban areas in 7 provinces in the Northern coastal region. Central Coast, Mekong River Delta and 7 Northern mountainous provinces and Central Highlands.
Phase II (from 2026-2030): Implement in coastal and delta urban areas at risk of flooding; There is a high risk of being affected by flash floods and landslides in the northern mountainous provinces, the central coast, the Southeast, the Central Highlands and the provinces with new urban areas where new impacts of Climate Change.
The period after 2030: Expand the scope of application nationwide.
6 solution missions
The proposed project focuses on implementing 06 key tasks and solutions:
1- Investigate and assess the level of impacts of climate change on the development of the existing urban system and the newly formed urban centers in the period of 2021 – 2030; zoning areas at high risk of climate change impacts; calculate the ability and level of self-adaptation, propose response solutions; to form a database system and a map system for warning climate change risks in urban areas (referred to as Urban and Climate Atlas for short).
2- Integrate climate change response content into urban development master plans and programs and plans; warn of risks in urban development areas that are likely to be impacted by climate change.
3- Reviewing and supplementing the system of legal documents, standards, regulations and regulations related to urban classification, planning, management of investment in urban development, housing, infrastructure techniques in the context of increasing risks from climate change.
4- Forming a system to control and limit floods, floods and inundation in urban areas. Forming reservoirs for flood regulation, clearance, dredging, reclamation, reinforcement and diversion for urban drainage lines. Construction of dikes, embankments, flood retaining walls, flood diversions, large-scale modern underground water storage works. Zoning for protection and having solutions to resettle and relocate people in risk warning areas. Develop houses to overcome floods, houses with high resistance to wind and storms.
5- Improve the capacity of leaders and professional staff at all levels in urban management and development to respond to climate change. Information and communication on the effects of climate change on the people, strengthen the coordination of communities and stakeholders in implementation.
6- Implement scientific and technological research cooperation programs, implement pilot projects on urban development with green growth, smart, green architecture, ecology in response to climate change; building energy-saving and emission-reducing works; develop environmentally friendly building materials, reuse and recycle.


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